Core Dictation Chapter 11
Part 1 What is the Mayan Civilization?
Ancient Mayans refers to the civilization of people that lived and __________1) in the ______2) _________3) of Central America or present-day Guatemala. Around 6000 BC, the ____________4) in Mesoamerica discovered techniques to domesticate plants; this was their first step to a sedentary lifestyle. Effective agricultural methods resulted in the formation of several cities and villages across modern-day North Mexico throughout Central America. This region is known as the Mesoamerican cultural area. Mesoamerica was the birthing ground of several cultures that are now broadly known as the Maya Civilization. The people of Mesoamerica held various identities and spoke various languages. They were not united by any one political entity. They excelled in agriculture, architecture, math, calendar, and astronomical systems. Their most noteworthy achievement is the Maya glyphs, a writing system that included logograms and syllabic symbols. Maya Civilization is one of the most important civilizations in human history. It is one of the earliest civilizations to have used the number zero. In the 15th century due to the Spanish invasion in Mexico and Central America, the Maya Civilization was taken over and many of the artifacts and literature were destroyed. There are over 6 million Maya people who still live in Central America. Most of them speak Spanish and one of the 28 surviving Maya languages. Geography and Lifestyle of the Ancient Mayans The geographical expanse of the Maya Civilization stretched from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras all the way to El Salvador. It included the northern lowlands of the Yucatan Peninsula, along with the highlands of Sierra Madre. It included the Mexican state of Chiapas, all of southern Guatemala and El Salvador, and also the southern lowlands in the littoral plain of the Pacific.
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